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Overseas Fusion Energy Development Trends

The European Union’s Joint European Tokamak (JET) achieved 16MW in fusion energy in 1997.
Japan’s JT-60U demonstrated the energy turning point (Q=1) in 1998.
  • Early conversion to international joint R&D system to achieve fusion energy.
  • Collaboration system will be established within 30 years and led by International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) member countries.
  • Fast Track, a plan to achieve the early commercialization of fusion energy, was established in 2002. Fast Track : A 50-year plan divided into 3 stages (ITER → DEMO → PROTO) which was integrated into "DEMO + PROTO" allow the country to reach commercialization targets early. (construction of commercialization reactor within 35 years)

Korea’s National Fusion Energy Development Plan and Goals

  • The government has set up laws, institutions, and a basic plan to facilitate the systematic execution of the National Fusion Energy R&D project.⌈Fusion Energy Development Promotion Act/Decree (March 2007)⌋, ⌈Promotion Basic Plan (February 2008)⌋
  • ITER will participate in the development and construction of a demo reactor (DEMO) with the goal of commercialization in 2040.
  • Stage 1 (2007-2011) : Domestic operation of a KSTAR device, international joint participation in ITER construction
  • Stage 2 (2012-2021) : Participation in ITER operation & DEMO design
  • Stage 3 (2022-2036) : Construction of DEMO, design of Korean Fusion Power Plant KSTAR : Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) will be constructed in Cadarache, France.